Voir dire The pretrial examination of prospective jurors by the judge or opposing lawyers to uncover signs of bias.
Weapon-focus effect The tendency for the presence of a weapon to draw attention and impair a witness’s ability to identify the culprit.
Weapons effect The tendency that the likelihood of aggres- sion will increase by the mere presence of weapons.
What-is-beautiful-is-good stereotype The belief that phys- ically attractive individuals also possess desirable personal- ity characteristics.
Theory An organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena.
Theory of planned behavior The theory that attitudes toward a specific behavior combine with subjective norms and perceived control to influence a person’s actions.