Factoring polynomials is the process of finding the factors of a given polynomial. A polynomial is an expression consisting of variables and coefficients that are combined using addition, subtraction, and multiplication operations. Factoring polynomials is an important concept in algebra as it helps to simplify expressions and solve equations.

To factor a polynomial, one needs to identify its factors, which are expressions that can be multiplied together to obtain the polynomial. There are different methods and strategies for factoring polynomials, such as factoring out the greatest common factor, using special products, using the AC method, grouping terms, and using factoring by division.

The video explains a general strategy for factoring polynomials. The first step is to take out a common factor, and then count the remaining terms. If there are two terms, look for special products (such as a difference of squares), and if there are three terms, try to see if it’s a special product or use the AC method. If there are more than four terms, you may need to employ factoring by division. The video provides examples and demonstrates how to use this strategy.

It is important to note that there are several misconceptions about factoring polynomials. For instance, students may think that factoring is easier for smaller numbers, always involves square roots, or is just a matter of memorizing formulas or procedures. However, factoring requires a deep understanding of algebraic concepts and the ability to manipulate and simplify expressions. Another misconception is that all polynomials can be factored using integers, which is not always the case. Some polynomials have factors that involve irrational or complex numbers. Lastly, some students may think that factoring is only useful for solving equations, but it has real-world applications in areas such as finance, physics, and computer science.