Transformation and Perception


In reference to Franz Kafka, it is quite apparent that “The Metamorphosis” correlates with a sudden transformation process from one form to another. In his story, Franz Kafka compares the biological life cycle of an insect to the main character, Gregor Samsa (Minden 314). Thus, the novel emphasizes the after-effects that come after the transformation of Gregor from a normal state to one that is not. Looking deeper, this story is more of modern day life expectations than what transpired in Gregor’s metamorphosis.

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Critical Analysis of the Transformation

            Critical and creative analysis of Kafka’s work defines Gregor’s life using a number of routine practices that can be likened to a today’s person way of living. These activities include going to work to make ends meet, experiencing bad days due to not waking up on time and worrying about the boss’s reaction for not making to work on time (Antony 5). According to Widyastuti, Setyabudi, and M. Hum, approaching alienation context, Gregor’s transforming into a gigantic insect elaborates isolation at its peak. More often than not, relationships tend to take another turn when a person suffers physical deformations (3). From the story, alienation is observed when the Samsas’ begin to give their son close to zero relevance, following his metamorphosis (Antony7).

Coming in at this angle, it’s literally and logically reasoned that the metamorphosis symbolically takes the mannerism of isolation to another level. The Gregor that used to take care of the family’s financial constraints was still in there despite the fact that his appearance had changed to that of an insect (Grammatikopoulos 73). Upon his death, his family’s disapproval reaches a peak that emphasizes disregard. Further his death is not accorded a respectable funeral. What better way to signify estrangement than through such practices


            Psychologists correlate nature and nurture with an individual’s behavior. The surrounding and Gregor’s family perception about his amorphous physique, was terrible enough to lower his self esteem (Grammatikopoulos 71). This is illustrated by; “Gregor spends his time listening through the wall to his family members’ talking” (Minden 318). At this point, emphasis is not on friendly verses unfriendly, but rather black verses white kind of a situation; there was no alternative around Gregor’s new self, the fact still remained- he was totally different.


Kafka story-The Metamorphosis, is 100% a representation of the current contemporary debatable issues. Isolation, alienation, discrimination, inequalities, among others; all synchronizes perfectly with the foundation of the story. Today one is perceived in relation to a number of good deeds, tomorrow a different perception in embodied with regards to a few things having gone wrong. Kafka’s ideas stalwartly fits into the westerns emphasis of social identity, deepening the society’s awakening on the big question:Does societal perception changes with the change in physical appearance?



Work cited

Antony, James T. “Metamorphosis: A reason why many chronic schizophrenics get abandoned by their dear ones.” Indian journal of psychiatry 59.1 (2017): 10.

Widyastuti, Anggi, S. S. Titis Setyabudi, and M. Hum. The Absurdity Of Being As Reflected In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis Novella (1915): An Existentialism Approach. Diss. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2017.1-5

Minden, Michael. “KAFKA’S ‘DIE VERWANDLUNG’AND THE CONDITION OF SUBJECTIVITY.” German Life and Letters 70.3 (2017): 314-320.

Grammatikopoulos, Damianos. “Insects and the Kafkaesque: Insectuous Re-Writings in Visual and Audio-Visual Media.”Humanities 6.3 (2017): 74.