Title: “Potentials of Tourism in “Eco-Villages””

Theme: Eco-Villages “alternative cultural tourism”


  • Critical analysis of the sources,
  • Coherent writing, clear, informative discussion.
  • Academic writing
  • Incorporation of Tourism Industry theory, case studies, journal articles, and media content, social media, newspapers, blogs, forums, etc.
  • The task is to find out if tourism can be truly sustainable in the eco-village, how that occurs, and if those measures can be recommended to be implemented in other ecovillages and other eco-tourism ventures. Eco-tourism in eco-villages, is it a good model?


What I want is to find out how an eco-village functions, and how tourism is applied to the eco-village, discovering the positives and the negatives. Are more positives than negatives? What can be suggested? What type of tourist seeks eco-villages? What is the public perception of eco-villages, sustainable tourism?

Question: Is ECO tourism in Ecovillages truly Sustainable?

  • Hypothesis: Responsible tourism can be beneficial to eco-villages, as it is a means of economic advancement and social exchange that can support the implementation of sustainable measures and expand knowledge/education on the sustainable topic.
  • The contradictory goals of tourism can make it difficult to practically apply alternative tourism strategies. As the presence of tourism exploration brings negative impacts, such as pollution, overuse of natural resources, damage to the environment, degradation of local culture, that purely economic incentives cannot solve.

The question is, is the tourism in eco-villages truly sustainable, does it have more benefits than negatives? Is it a good model of sustainability? Is there an eco-village that successfully implemented eco-tourism?

Ecovillage: A traditional or intentional community with the goal of becoming more socially, culturally, economically, and/or ecologically sustainable. An ecovillage strives to produce the least possible negative impact on the natural environment through intentional physical design and resident behaviour choices.

What is the ethos of the eco-village?


Aims and objectives:

Define eco-villages and eco-tourism, define sustainability, explain its importance in the current climate.

  • Investigate the role of tourism in the eco-village context. (effects, positive and negatives)
  • Analyse potential effects of tourism in the existent ecovillages.
  • Determine if the tourism is sustainable, and consistent with the sustainable goals of eco-villages.
  • Determine tourism motivations when choosing the eco-village as a tourism destination.
  • Exam the potential role of sustainability in the viability of eco-villages.
  • Provide Recommendations.


Intro: why is it important, why the study? Trends, people look for other pathways to pursue (roughly 850/900 words)

Why is the study of tourism impacts on the ecovillage important?

  • the drive for more sustainable ways of living and travelling,
  • the importance and effects of human caused climate change,
  • holistic human need to reconnect to nature,
  • pressure on tourism to become more ecologically responsible, etc.

Current statistics, trends and previsions for the tourism industry.

People are looking for alternative cultural tourism, escaping mass tourism (form Psychocentric tourists to Allocentric tourists).

Contextualise “Sustainability” -define, and contextualise it in present times (climate change, neo-capitalistic political systems, public perceptions and influence on companies, etc)

Introduce the concepts and brief history of: eco-villages (emergence, factors leading to it; current statistics of ecovillages and purposes), eco-tourism (emergence, factors leading to it, current statistics of ecotourism, and its purpose).

Define eco-tourism.

Define the “Eco-Village” Concept. (academic and general media definitions) examples of some ecovillages in Portugal, Cambodia, Nordic countries, etc.. case studies.

How it operates within the context of tourism.

Analyse the changing perceptions / eco-trends in the tourism industry (from academic studies and also using social media and non-academic sources (find out what people are thinking about eco-trends in the industry, eco-villages, etc.)

Explore the Drives of Eco village visitors, what they look for when visiting an ecovillage.

Impacts of Tourism Exploration in the Eco-Village, what can be beneficial for the ecovillage and the challenges presented. Do all stakeholders agree to tourism exploration? How are the resources managed?

Triple bottom line; Does it further the aim of the eco-village’s Sustainability, or harms it?

Possible benefits:

  • economic growth that can be implemented in the community /multiplier effect, etc.; economic growth that can be used to further implement sustainable measures in the village or fund studies related to further sustainability.
  • Social cultural exchange, from visitors and hosts; revival of traditional sustainable practices; educational opportunities.
  • Conservation of ecological resources, programmes geared towards conservation and education.

Possible Negatives:

  • Unsustainably due to the ecovillage running at over capacity; pressure and overuse of natural resources, water, food, land, fauna and flora, etc.
  • Destruction of the habitat to build infrastructure to accommodate the tourists,
  • Erosion of the eco-village culture, sustainability becoming more an economic transaction and less of a way of live. Morals and green washing.
  • Impossibility of complete sustainability in the modern world, as even responsible tourists have to travel there, and their presence causes pollution and other impacts.


Is it a good model? If so, can it be widely implemented? Linking to the “Eco-cities” of the future?

Does is actually work? Analyse case studies.

Literature review:

Critically analyse the data:

Is this topic thoroughly academically researched, is there plenty information in it or is it a recent area or study?

  • Theoretic components (tourism area)
  • Academic sources, studies, journals, etc.
  • Case studies on eco-villages and tourism in eco-villages.
  • Find out media sources on ecovillages and perceptions (is there enough?)- Chatrooms /Forums/Media articles/social media-twitter, Facebook, etc

Raw data: social media discussion. Income earning opportunities/ marketing / define experience the eco-village offers

Lifestyle “retreats”

Ecovillages around the world;

Global Ecovillage Network organisation


Methodology: smaller section

Theoretical underpinning of the research, what type of research approach? Inductive or Deductive?

Research conducted utilising Secondary research;

  • Utilising academic sources journals/case studies;
  • Media sources, trending topics and opinions/perceptions on ecovillages/sustainability. (Chatrooms /Forums/Media articles/social media-twitter, Facebook, etc)



Data analysis of the research results.


Critically analyse the data

Theoretical component

Can eco-tourism be beneficial in ecovillages (economically, socially and environmentally)?


Conclusion and recommendations:

Concluding remarks and recommendations for the future.

Is eco-villages a good sustainable model?

Can is be a good starting point to the eco-cities of the future?

If it is found beneficial for ecovillages to adopt tourism to further develop sustainability, suggest its well managed implementation in more ecovillages. Possible links to future tourism practices

Suggest more study in the area


Literature/ Reference list;

Use some of these as well

  • Fromm, A, B. (2016) “Ethnographic museums and Intangible Cultural Heritage return to our roots” Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. Vol 5(2) Pp 89-94.
  • Rajovic, G., and Bulatovic., J. (2015) “Eco-Tourism with Special Review on -EcoVillage “Štavna”. Scientific Electronic Archives. VOL 8:1 pp. 1-10. Available: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4977/24061b7802c70e06cfa6e6f23710a77e7d9d.pdf
  • Prince, G., Loannides, J. (2016) “Contextualizing the complexities of managing alternative tourism at the community-level: A case study of a nordic eco-village” Tourism Management. VOL 60 pp. 348-356. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261517716302643
  • Kurniawati, R. (2015) “Moving Towards Eco Cultural Tourism Village (A Case Study of Pondok Cabe Village)” Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, Vol.3(3), pp.117-122
  • Sroypetch, S (2016)“The mutual gaze: Host and guest perceptions of socio-cultural impacts of backpacker tourism: A case study of the Yasawa Islands, Fiji”. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures. VOL 5(2) 133-144
  • Pawson, S., D’Arcy, P and Richardson, S. (2016) “The value of community-based tourism in Banteay Chhmar, Cambodia” Tourism Geographies, Vol 19 (3) pp. 378-397
  • Carter et all (2015) “Sustainable tourism and its use as a development strategy in Cambodia: a systematic literature review” Journal of Sustainable Tourism VOL 23(5) Pages 797-818.


The Assessment Task:

Each student is expected to independently carry out an investigation of a current ‘industry’ or ‘sector’ issue relevant to their degree and their professional development. A project is an individual investigation of (usually) a real-world problem or issue. Students will make use of relevant academic concepts to structure their investigation and analysis.

They will also have the opportunity to develop considerable skills relating to employability, for example through secondary research, business report writing and evidence-based analysis. A project can employ primary or secondary research methods although the former is slightly less usual. A project often focuses on a specific organization or conceptual environment and addresses problems and issues therein. It normally contains recommendations for action.

Learning Outcomes:

The learning outcomes that are being assessed in this assessment are:

  • Research, critique and extend existing academic theory within an industry context, supporting own unique argument with valid evidence.
  • Identify, select and competently manipulate literature, data and other information relevant and appropriate to the task.
  • Identify and solve complex concrete and abstract problems by undertaking independent research
  • Professionally present a critically written argument, consistent with the traditions adopted in the chosen academic discipline, making it accessible to both academic and specialist audiences.

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