The Pacific Railway Act of 1862

1-Theodore Judah did all of the following, EXCEPT
A-made unrealistic cost estimates of railroad construction
B-died in New York on a trip to raise funds from eastern tycoons.
C-approved the giving contracts to Crocker’s construction company.
D-helped get passage of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862.
2-The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 was insufficient to ensure the creation of a
transcontinental railway primarily because
A-it did not provide adequate funds.
B-it did not have the support of southern states
C-it applied to any company that wanted to build a railroad.
D-it did not provide adequate protection from Indian raids.
3-This was the greatest impact of the Civil War on California:
A-shortage of supplies and disruption of commerce.
B-political upheaval between Republicans and Democrats.
C-the potential for violence between pro-South and pro-North factions.
D-the loss of men who went to fight the war.
4-The Pacific Railway Act of 1864
A-doubled the land grant given to the railroad companies.
B-forbade the use of Chinese labor in railroad construction.
C-had little impact on the completion of the transcontinental railroad.
D-was not a significant improvement from the 1862 law.
5-In 1863, ______________ used his connections in the east to get loans for the Central
Pacific Railroad.
A-Mark Hopkins
B-Leland Stanford
C-Charles Crocker
D-Collis P. Huntington
6-Who constructed the first railroad in California?
A-Leland Stanford
B-Charles Crocker
C-Theodore Judah
D-Mark Hopkins
7-Which political party dominated California politics in the 1860s?
A-Republican Party
B-Whig Party
C-Progressive Party
D-Democratic Party
8-The Big Four created the Southern Pacific Company
A-as a way to avoid the debts of the Central Pacific Railroad.
B-in order to make it easier to manage their many different holdings.
C-to oversee their various philanthropic activities
D-because they were forced to by government regulators.
9-By 1860, what new situation provided more impetus for creating a railroad across the
Sierra?
A-The success of the Comstock Lode in Nevada
B-The near unanimous backing of California business interests
C-Federal subsidies for railroads
D-New technology for building railroads over mountains
10-Which of the following was NOT one of the “Big Four” of the Central Pacific Railroad?
A-Leland Stanford
B-Theodore Judah
C-Charles Crocker
D-Mark Hopkins
11-In 1861, ___________ was elected governor of California.
A-William Gwin
B-Mark Hopkins
C-John C. Frémont
D-Leland Stanford
12-The first rail line in California started at
A-Sacramento.
B-Stockton.
C-San Jose.
D-San Francisco.
13-Which of the following regions saw the MOST construction of local rail lines through
1866?
A-San Joaquin Valley
B-San Francisco Bay Area
C-Southern Sierra Nevada
D-Northern Sacramento Valley
14-Why was the plan presented by Theodore Judah for a transcontinental railroad
rejected by Congress in 1860?
A-It provided no details about how the railroad would be constructed.
B-It had no significant backing in California.
C-It was opposed by many Southerners.
D-It did not advocate public subsidies.
15-Which of the Big Four were most well-known for opposition to racial prejudice and
discrimination?
A-Hopkins and Crocker
B-Crocker and Huntington
C-Stanford and Crocker
D-Hopkins and Stanford
16-Completion of the Dutch Flat Toll Road
A-created a major competitor for the Central Pacific Railroad.
B-occurred after the completion of the railroad across the Sierra Nevada.
C-allowed the Big Four to dominate commerce with the Comstock Lode.
D-was done under the supervision of Theodore Judah.
17-Which of the following reasons BEST accounts for sluggish population growth in
California in the latter half of the 1850s?
A-Immigrants dislike of the climate
B-No government incentives for having children
C-Insufficient food to feed everyone
D-Declining profits from gold mining
18-The Central Pacific Railroad relied primarily on ______ laborers to lay the tracks over
the Sierra Nevada.
A-Indian
B-Irish
C-Chinese
D-black
19-Once the tracks over the Sierra Nevada were completed, building the remaining track
to Promontory Point, Utah
A-was excruciatingly slow.
B-could not take place.
C-was very rapid.
D-proceeded at a leisurely pace.
20-After 1870, most new railways in California
A-went bankrupt.
B-consolidated with each other to counterbalance the Big Four.
C-were successful.
D-were acquired by the Big Four.
21-In 1870, the western terminus of the Central Pacific Railroad was in
A-Oakland.
B-Sacramento
C-San Francisco.
D-Benicia.
22-Which of the Big Four was most responsible for getting supplies and credit for the
Central Pacific Railroad?
A-Hopkins
B-Crocker
C-Stanford
D-Huntington
23-The Big Four of the Central Pacific Railroad were strong supporters of the _______
Party.
A-Whig
B-Free Soil
C-Republican
D-Democratic
24-The MOST important reason why Congress didn’t pass a transcontinental railroad bill
in the 1850s was
A-no support for it in California.
B-lack of support from the Republican Party.
C-political wrangling.
D-no suggestions on how to pay for it

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