The Hellenistic Era

The Hellenistic era extends from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE to the conquest of Egypt by the Romans in 30 BCE. Though defined in terms of political events, it is also host to distinctive developments in Greek intellectual life. Chief among these are the foundation and consolidation of organized schools as the focus of philosophical life, especially in Athens; the growing independence of various special sciences from their original philosophical context; and a geographical expansion (in the wake of Alexander’s conquests and the foundation of Greek-speaking kingdoms in the eastern Mediterranean) that had significant long-term consequences.

What contributions did Herodotus and Thucydides make to the writing of history? What were their goals in accounting of the past?

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