Gaining momentum in the wake of high-profile bullying and violent incidents, peer mediation is employed in many schools. Although school mediation may not be an answer to existing bullying, it may help prevent some situations from deteriorating. In elementary schools, peer-mediators trained in very basic conflict management steps help resolve play ground conflicts on the spot without escalation, and they have been shown to reduce early stage bullying behavior.
From the early grades to universities, schools instituted programs where students are trained to mediate cases involving peers. Public school teachers refer students in conflict to a peer mediation program. Dormitory roommates may be referred to a campus mediation center to talk about competing study habits and social time issues. Students involved in group projects may seek mediation to work through issues about assignments, leadership, or work accountability.