Romanticism The philosophy that stresses the unique- ness of each person and that values irrationality much more than rationality. According to the romantic, people can and should trust their own natural impulses as guides for living.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778) Considered the father of modern romanticism, Rousseau believed that human nature is basically good and that the best society is one in which people subjugate their individual will to the general will. The best education occurs when education is individualized and when a student’s natural abilities and curiosity are recognized.

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Will to survive According to Schopenhauer, the powerful need to perpetuate one’s life by satisfying one’s biological needs.

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