Renewable wind energy
- The environmental impact of fossil fuels has necessitated exploration of renewable energy sources. These are energy sources that are not depleted or destroyed when harnessed. Wind energy is a renewable form of energy that harnesses wind and waves that has developed significantly in the recent past. The proposal focuses on renewable wind energy, how it is generated and used and its adoption in the market.
- The appropriate audience for the research are proponents of renewable energy sources. With rising costs of fossil fuels and the environment, the public has grown interested in other sources of energy that are equally reliable but less taxing on the environment. With changing technology in the field of renewable energy sources, the present analysis will be a resource to inform masses on the progress that has been made and what to expect in the future.
- The topic of renewable wind energy has not been extensively explored compared to other renewable sources like solar. The climate change debate has created doubt in the efficacy of renewable sources of energy to sustain the growing population. However, governments and the private sector are increasingly collaborating to increase adoption of wind energy. Wind power has grown exponentially as an energy source in the recent past. Moreover, there is an increasing demand for energy sources that can meet the economic and social development needs of a growing population. With growing greenhouse gases (GHG), it is essential to consider alternative options to reduce emissions and fulfil rising demand for energy. As Edenhofer et al. demonstrate, “Wind energy harnesses the kinetic energy of moving air. The primary application of relevance to climate change mitigation is to produce electricity from large wind turbines located on land (onshore) or in sea- or freshwater (offshore)” (9). On one hand, adoption of onshore wind energy technologies has increased in the recent past. Offshore wind technologies are being considered for their potential. Despite being an unpredictable source of energy, evidence shows that integrating wind energy into the energy eco-system has no technical barriers (Edenhofer et al. 9). As Mander demonstrates, wind energy is becoming prevalent and competitive with advancing technology and government regulations aiming to control pollution. Further, Saidur et al. posit that countries that have implemented policies on renewable energy sources have succeeded in incorporating the sources in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gases (GHGs).
- The topic of renewable energy sources and particularly wind energy matters considering “ increasing negative effects of fossil fuel combustion on the environment in addition to limited stock of fossil fuel have forced many countries to inquire into and change to environmentally friendly alternatives that are renewable to sustain the increasing energy demand” (Saidur et al. 1). Wind energy should be considered for near and long term
GHG reduction. By 2009, the world could get 1.9% of its energy needs from wind power.
Proponents of wind energy argue that 20% of the world’s energy needs can be met by wind power by 2050 (Edenhofer et al. 95).
- According to Saidur et al., wind energy eliminates the overdependence on nonrenewable forms of energy that produce GHGs cited for their effect on the environment.
Considering fossil fuels can be depleted, Saidur et al. argue that the planet needs to find alternatives that do not need to be replenished with harnessing. Wind energy is characterized by interchangeability and sustainability that appeals to the proponents of clean forms of energy. Wind energy as Saidur et al. demonstrate is highly prevalent. Wind turbines have become popular, creating wind farms that take advantage of wind patterns in most countries. As a clean form of energy, wind energy is growing exponentially. The argument is convicing to the public to adopt wind energy due to its reliability. Some advantages that Saidur et al. consider include being dependable, renewable, cheaper, and customizable to the needs of the consumer.
- Mander supports the argument for wind energy as a renewable source considering it is low cost and has insignificant environmental impacts. With growing technologies on harnessing wind energy developing with time, adoption will increase. Mander also makes the argument that wind energy is the oldest form of renewable energy. Further, wind is free, has benefits for the environment, and is available without need for replenishment.
- According to Edenhofer et al. wind energy is being deployed at a rising pace in most countries. Moreover, wind energy can be integrated into existing electricity supply chain. Despite the challenge of unreliable wind patterns, Edenhofer et al. argue that technical expertise is growth to enable deployment of wind energy. In some countries, wind energy is competing with fossil fuel market prices and has no environmental impacts.
- There are strong arguments to support the implementation of wind energy across the world. Edenhofer et al. demonstrate ow technical potential for renewable wind energy will continue to grow, reducing constraints to adoption of wind energy. With most governments citing economic constraints linked to wind energy, costs, transmission, integration, social acceptance, among others, Edenhofer et al. demonstrate there might be challenges with adoption. However, wind turbines as Edenhofer et al. posit have evolved with advances and expertise in the field.
- The wind energy market continues to expand exponentially globally with economically viable alternatives to fossil fuels. Despite the challenges, wind energy adoption continues to increase across the world and creating potential to cover a significant portion of the world’s energy needs.
Mander, Sarah. “The role of discourse coalitions in planning for renewable energy: a case study of wind-energy deployment.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 26.3 (2008): 583-600.
Saidur, Rahman, et al. “A review on global wind energy policy.” Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 14.7 (2010): 1744-1762.
Edenhofer, Ottmar, et al., eds. Renewable energy sources and climate change mitigation: Special report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, 2011.