Primary Source Questions

Primary Source Questions, Assignment 1

Look in Spielvogel at the following sources:

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Source One “Luther and the Ninety-Five Theses,” page 306. 

Source Two “A Reformation Debate: Conflict at Marburg,” page 311.

Source Three “Loyola and Obedience to ‘Our Holy Mother, the Hierarchical Church,’” page 318.


After reading each source, answer the questions on the page that are included with each source.


Source One:  What were the major ideas of Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses? Why did they have such strong appeal in Germany?

Your overall answer should be 2-3 paragraphs in length.


Source Two: How did the positions of Zwingli and Luther on the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper differ?  What was the purpose of this debate?  Based on this example, why do you think Reformation debates led to further hostility rather than compromise and unity between religious and sectarian opponents?  What implication did this have for the future of the Reformation?

Your overall answer should be roughly 4 paragraphs in length.


Source Three: What are the fundamental assumptions that inform Loyola’s rules for “thinking with the church”?  What do these assumptions tell you about the nature of the Catholic reform movement?

Your overall answer should be roughly 2-3 paragraphs in length.