1. Compare the difference between a point mutation and a frameshift mutation:
- Describe the different between vertical gene transfer and horizontal gene transfer:
- What is conjugation? How can it contribute to antibiotic resistance in microorganisms?
- What is a Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) or nosocomial infection? How is this different from an iatrogenic disease? How are these infections? Contracted? Give examples of each type:
- Explain and differentiate between sterilization and commercial sterilization. What organism does commercial sterilization aim to destroy?
- Describe three (3) different physical methods of controlling microbial growth:
- Describe three (3) different chemical methods of controlling microbial growth:
- Briefly summarize the 4 (four) different Biosafety levels. Give examples of microorganisms studied in each level:
- What is the Kirby Bauer Disc diffusion method? How it is used to determine antibiotic efficacy?
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