Philosophy of Education
Purpose of Education
The purpose of education is to allow humans to attain their fullest social, spiritual, physical and mental potentials (ASCD Org., 2012). Education transforms a person and enables him to bring change in his environment. Other educational purposes include to create effective workforce, prepare young people for a career, and develop an intellect and to foster a certain political or social system (ASCD Org., 2012).
What do you think the curriculum and content should be? Include which of the Philosophy of education discussed in class form the basis of your personal Philosophy. You can combine one or more and have an eclectic perspective.
Curriculum and content should be informed by the interests of students. The two must be flexible to provide students with choices. Existentialism, social reconstructionism and progressive philosophies which view the student as the core focal point of classroom activities. Progressivists in particular strive for pertinent, hands-on learning, existentialists offer learners complete responsibility, and complete freedom concerning their education while social reconstructionist require learners to be active participants in order to solve societal problems (McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings, 2016). Working with the interests and needs of students, educators
What are the approaches to teaching that support students’ learning
Cooperative learning and inquiry-based learning do support students’ learning because they are student-centered. The students are active learners and the teacher assumes the role of a facilitator and coach. In inquiry-based learning, teaching focuses on hands-on learning and student investigation. Cooperative learning focuses on group work. Students are in charge of their learning.
What are the important roles played by teachers.
The role of the teacher should be to guide students and provide access to information. Students construct knowledge best when they are allowed to discover and experience by themselves. Teacher should provide access to hands-on activities, give students enough space and time to make use of the materials for the purpose of discovering knowledge.
What are the most important teacher characteristics?
Demonstrate consistence excellence, has profound content knowledge, and show love for students (Goldberg, 2003).
What metaphor best describes your ideas for the teacher.
The metaphor is tour guide. The role of the teacher is to provide guided instruction tailored to help learners become self-regulated learners.
ASCD Org. (2012). What Is the Purpose of Education? Retrieved on Oct 3, 2016 from http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_update/eu201207_infographic.pdf
Goldberg, M. F. (2003). The Qualities of Great Teachers. In Keeping Good Teachers.
Philosophy of Education. ASCD publication
McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings (2016). Philosophy of Education. Retrieved on Oct 3, 2016 from http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/0072877723/student_view0/chapter9/index.html