Other Health Impairment (OHI)

Definition and Classification

According to the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), Other Health Impairment is

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defined as having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to

environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational

environment. (IDEA, 2004) A child’s educational performance is affected. Health issues included

but not limited to asthma, sickle cell anemia, leukemia, heart condition, lead poisoning, and



Characteristics of other health impairments include but are not limited to fatigue,

difficulty with mobility, difficulty concentrating for long periods of time, difficulty paying

attention, difficulties with coordination, and muscle weakness.


Other health impairments can be caused by health problems that are acute or chronic.

What this mean is that the problem will last for an extended period (longer than 60 days) or for a

lifetime. They can also be cause by accidents, in which improvement can be expected.


According to the U.S. Department of Education, approximately 12.0 percent of students

having a classification in special education are represented by other health impairments.