1. Compare the “mental physics” of James Mill with the “mental chemistry” of his son John Stuart Mill.
2. Why did J. S. Mill believe a science of human nature was possible? What would characterize such a science in its early stages of development? In its later stages? Include in your answer a discussion of primary and secondary laws.
3. What was Bain’s goal? In what way might he be considered the first modern psychologist?
4. Summarize Bain’s contributions to psychology. Include in your answer the new laws of associ- ation that he added and his explanation of how spontaneous activity is transformed into voluntary behavior.
5. In what ways was Gassendi’s philosophy similar to Hobbes’s?