Mediation is a term that encompasses a wide array of models, strategies, and out comes. Because the profession of mediation encompasses so much variety, we can~ot simply offer a “mediation model” without first determining the philosophical underpin 0nings guiding the purpose of mediation. Before we can answer the _question “How ? we mediate?” we must first establish our reasons for mediating. In this chapter, we discuss assumptions that guide the choices mediators make, compare several models, _Present the balanced mediation model used in this book, and consider how culture impacts mediation. The phases, steps, or processes recommended for specific mediation co~te~ts are organized into what are termed mediation models. Different models of mediation ~re used throughout the world and vary according to their philosophical appro~ch to confhct management style, the emphasis given to specific components, and the unique deman~s of specialized contexts. What mediation models share in common is that ?nee a m~de_l is adopted, it becomes a prescription for what will and will not happen dunng a mediation session-what is essential and what is forbidden.
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