Human Trafficking

CJ525

Unit2 Assignment 2

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Applied Research Hypothesis

During this unit, you received feedback from your professor on the applied problem you proposed to study in Unit 1 Assignment 2. After receiving written approval from your professor for your applied topic, read the abstract and methods sections of the three studies that you submitted along with your selected topic as part of Unit 1 Assignment 2. If you revised or changed your topic based on feedback from your professor, you may select different original studies to review.

*** Write a brief summary of each study, explaining how the researchers examined the problem you are interested in studying and their key findings. Based on what you learned from the methods used by the authors of each study, develop a draft research hypothesis, identifying the independent and dependent variables for your proposed research. ***

Be sure to cite your sources in the body of your paper and list them on your reference page, consistent with APA guidelines. Remember, applied research is not common knowledge, so it is important to cite to all of your sources of information. 

**SEE BELOW**

 

Human Trafficking

Study 1

Article Title

Failing victims? Challenges of the police response to human trafficking.

Article Full APA Reference

Farrell, A., Dank, M., de Vries, I., Kafafian, M., Hughes, A., & Lockwood, S. (2019). Failing victims? Challenges of the police response to human trafficking. Criminology & Public Policy, 18(3), 649-673.

Description of Study Results

The study determined several factors that promoted effective responses to cases of human trafficking and its victims. The result determined that human trafficking victims are unlikely to reach out to law enforcement to get help. According to the research findings, law enforcement offices must be proactive in identifying human trafficking victims. The success of human trafficking agencies can be attained through information from other agencies such as immigration advocates and victim service providers. However, the research also identified a challenging barrier with several gaps in the referral process where the information might fail to reach the human trafficking task force unit. The other challenge is that the investigators might have challenges differentiating individuals in sex work as perpetrators from human trafficking victims.

Study 2

Article Title

Policing human trafficking: Cultural blinders and organizational barriers.

 

Article Full APA Reference

Farrell, A., & Pfeffer, R. (2014). Policing human trafficking: Cultural blinders and organizational barriers. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 653(1), 46-64.

Description of Study Results

The study results discuss several challenges that law enforcement faces in their fight against human trafficking. The first challenge that has been identified is the broad public ambiguity about the issue of human trafficking, which has is due to the lack of a clear direction between lawmakers, the public, and the police leadership. The lack of clear direction resulted in the police only investigating cases that they considered harmful, and the public would offer their assistance. The other challenge identified in the results is the lack of an investigative culture and institutional structure that will enable the identification of human trafficking cases.

Study 3

Article Title

Identifying the unknown: Challenges and solutions to US human trafficking investigations.

Article Full APA Reference

Fordyce, E. M. (2012). Identifying the unknown: Challenges and solutions to US human trafficking investigations. PublicINReview, 1(1), 23-32.

Description of Study Results

The study results discuss several challenges that law enforcement officers have to deal with in their fight against human trafficking. The first challenge is mistaken identity, where victims of human trafficking are mistaken for illegal immigrants or prostitutes, making them be treated as criminals rather than victims. The second challenge is the lack of resources that are required resources that are needed for the investigation of potential human trafficking victims. The last challenge which the author has identified is the poor interviewing procedure for victims of human trafficking.