Heart Failure (HF)


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Response Two: Bet

The research affirms that Heart failure (HF) is a global pandemic affecting 2% of the world’s adult population, with a crescendo of 10 % to 20% among persons above 70 years. It’s also a progressive condition marked by abridged cardiac pump purpose, leading to arduous signs often leading to hospitalization.  Five years after diagnosis chances of death are estimated to be 50% or higher. This report went to unfamiliar territory to examine the relationship linking appetite and wellbeing in people with heart failure and explored whether depressive signs are the cause of this relationship. It showed that decreased appetite leads to lower energy intake which augments the risk of malnutrition development. (Andreae, et al.2018)

The findings contribute to both nursing theory and nursing practice. In nursing theory, the results showed that patients with an advanced level of appetite reported considerably healthier wellbeing. This is basic knowledge because when a patient eats without persuasion his well-being always improves and can also fall into general nursing knowledge.  (Koehler, et al.2021).

In nursing practice, the above knowledge is crucial as it will improve wellbeing in people with HF as it’s vital to target appetite while also identifying and treating depressive symptoms. The findings point out that a decrease in appetite could be cited as a sign of deprived wellbeing and in nursing practice; nurses should gauge appetite in patients with HF for eradication or decrease the threat of developing malnutrition and weakened wellbeing in patients.  (Lin, et al.2020).


Andreae, C., Strömberg, A., Chung, M. L., Hjelm, C., & Årestedt, K. (2018). Depressive symptoms moderate the association between appetite and health status in patients with heart failure. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing33(2), E15-E20.

Koehler, J., Stengel, A., Hofmann, T., Wegscheider, K., Koehler, K., Sehner, S., … & Laufs, U. (2021). Telemonitoring in patients with chronic heart failure and moderate depressed symptoms: results of the Telemedical Interventional Monitoring in Heart Failure (TIM‐HF) study. European journal of heart failure23(1), 186-194.

Lin, C. Y., Miller, J. L., Lennie, T. A., Biddle, M. J., Mudd-Martin, G., Hammash, M., & Moser, D. K. (2020). Perceived Control Predicts Symptom Status in Patients With Heart Failure. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing35(6), 530-537.