Expansion, Reformation, and Religious Warfare

1) On the surface, the Protestant Reformation was a specifically religious event. As with most things, however, it was not truly this simple. Philosophy, economics, and politics also played a role in sparking this crucial point in the history of Christianity. Which of the aspects other than religion itself was the biggest catalyst for the Protestant Reformation? Why?

2) People rarely make decisions based on one single factor. The section of the textbook dedicated to the Age of Exploration is, in fact, titled “God, Greed, and Glory” (189). The argument that the explorers undertook exceedingly dangerous journeys for the purpose of spreading Christianity has always been a common one. Given the actions of the explorers, however, it does not seem to be an entirely convincing one. Focus your post on a single, specific explorer. What motivated him to undertake his travels? Which aspect of the textbook’s header does he most fit with? Why?
3) Some historians call the period of the travels of Europeans to the so-called “New World” the Age of Exploration, while others choose the phrase Age of Discovery. Which do you find more appropriate? Why? Be sure to include specific examples and details to support your decision.
4)The textbook dedicates a great deal of space to discussing the Columbian exchange. To what extent was this process truly an “exchange?” Is this terminology objective? Why or why not?

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