Essay: Social Identity Theory
According to Hogg and Terry (2000), the social identity theory was developed to explain the cognitive processes involuntary observed by the person in the formation of a distinct group. The theory presents the three processes as social categorization, social identification, and social comparison. When people form a group, they start by delineating their various distant characteristics that connect them. For instance, racial groups are formed based on skin color and having the same experiences. In an organization, social identity can be shaped by the organizational culture which based on the values implemented by the organisation (Crisp and Turner, 2011).