Describe Marx’s theory of history and revolution.  How does Weber critique Marx’s theory of history and class consciousness?

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This is a take home exam, so you have time to construct well-written anwers.  Do not hand in a draft, I want polished papers.  Edit your work by reading and re-reading what you have written.  Make sure you are as clear as possible, and that you answer the questions.  Also, proofread.  Do not simply rely on spellcheck, sloppy writing, begets sloppy ideas, and the theorists we have engaged with this semester deserve your best effort.  If you are unsure of your writing, ask someone to read your work, or utilize the writing center and finally… don’t f’’’in’ cheat.  If you do, you will fail this class, and be sanctioned by the college.


To get an A, your writing should clearly articulate the argument of each theorist with detail and nuance.  “A” papers will show interpretive insight but also remain true to the author’s claims.  Avoid a slew of contemporary examples, this is not applied theory. I want you to discuss these theorists utilizing the authors terminology,  (“means of production”, “division of labor”, “big three”, etc.) to show that you understand the big ideas as well as the tone and style of each theorist.  Do refer to the text but do not rely on quotations to make your arguments.  And again, Proofread.



Academic dishonesty is unacceptable and will not be tolerated. Cheating, forgery, plagiarism and collusion in dishonest acts undermine the college’s educational mission and the students’ personal and intellectual growth. Baruch students are expected to bear individual responsibility for their work, to learn the rules and definitions that underlie the practice of academic integrity, and to uphold its ideals. Ignorance of the rules is not an acceptable excuse for disobeying them. Any student who attempts to compromise or devalue the academic process will be sanctioned.  



Part 1. Identification and Analysis

10 pts. each.  Choose 1 Quote from each Section. (10 x 4= 40 points total)


Identify the following quotations and describe what the author is addressing in the passage and how this fits into their overall arguments.  Be as detailed and as precise as possible.



  1. “…not only has the bourgeoisie forged the weapons that bring death to itself; it has also called into existance the men who are to wield those weapons—the modern working class—the proletarians.”


2.“What else does the history of ideas prove, than that intellectual production changes its character in proporation as material production is changed?  The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class.”



  1. “Communal action refers to that action which is oriented to the feeling of the actors that they belong together. Societal action, on the other hand, is oriented to a rationally motivated adjustment of interests. The rise of societal or even of communal action from a common class situation is by no means a universal phenomenon.”



  1. “With some over-simplification, one might thus say that classes are stratified according to their relations to the production and acquisition of goods; whereas status groups are stratified according to the principles of their consumption of goods as represented by special styles of life.”





1.“People with advantages are loath to believe that they just happen to be people with advantages.  They come readily to define themselves as inherently worthy of what they possess; they come to believe themselves ‘naturally’ elite, and, in fact to imagine their possessions and their privileges as natural extensions of their own elite selves.”


2.“Words win wars, or sell soap; they move people, the restrain people. ‘Only cost’, the advertising man of the ‘twenties proclaims’,  limits the delivery of public opinion in any direction of any topic’.”



  1. IV. “It is a peculiar sensation, the double–consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused comtempt and pity.”




Part 2. Essays 30 pts. Each.  Answer 2 (30 x 2= 60 points total)


  1. Describe Marx’s theory of history and revolution.  How does Weber critique Marx’s theory of history and class consciousness?



  1. How does The Power Elite sustain itself and over the years without the benefit of an aristocratic ruling class?  Outline Mills’ argument and concentrate on how the power elite is continually reproduced, while the masses remain generally unaware of its existence.



  1. Explain DuBois’ concept of the double-consciousness.  How does he reconcile the ‘peculiarity’ of this two-ness, with what he calls the ‘gift of second sight’?  How can this conception of self and others be used to expose the hipocrisy of white supremacist ideology?

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