Assessing health needs: Identify and prioritize the health needs

ONE REPORT in 2 parts submitted as one assignment

3,200 WORDS

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Part one: Assessing health needs.

Identify and prioritise the health needs of a specific population group, by applying theories of health needs (approximately 40% of the wordage.)

Part two: Addressing health needs.

Design a strategic proposal for health promotion to address the prioritized health need, utilizing health promotion theories and principles (approximately 60% of the wordage. References can be shown at the end of part 2 and are not counted as part of the wordage limit.)     

How to write the assignment:

Give your work a title: “Health needs of (name of your group)”.

 

 

Part one: Assessing health needs.

Identify and prioritise the health needs of a specific population group, by applying theories of health needs (approximately 40% of the wordage.) 3 needs for each article

Part two: Addressing health needs.

Design a strategic proposal for health promotion to address the prioritized health need, utilizing health promotion theories and principles (approximately 60% of the wordage. References can be shown at the end of part 2 and are not counted as part of the wordage limit.)     

How to write the assignment:

Give your work a title: “Health needs of (name of your group)”.

 

Use the headings shown in red below to structure your work:

 

6HL004 Assignment brief and guidance with headings and sub-headings to use in assignment

 

Part one:

Background (150 words)

You should provide a concise background that justifies why this group needs attention, with epidemiological data showing they experience poorer health / health inequalities/ are more at risk of unhealthy behaviour). Use Office of National Statistics, Department of Health, WHO data, or other official body.

There is no need for an overview to start your project by saying something like: “this report will …etc”

Identifying Health Needs

Find 3 research studies into the health needs of your group. (At least one study needs to be a qualitative exploration of the chosen group’s views on their own health needs).

Use the studies to complete the table below to summarize findings. The table can be shown in your report.

These 3 articles :

1-Parental response to a letter reporting child overweight measured as part of a routine national programme in England: results from interviews with

https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-3481-3

2-A qualitative insight into informal childcare and childhood obesity in children aged 0–5

years in the UK

https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-018-6131-0

 

3-https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=General+practice+views+of+managing+childhood+obesity+in+primary+care%3A+a+qualitative+analysis&btnG=

O’donnell, J. E. et al. (2017) General practice views of managing childhood obesity in primary care: a qualitative analysis. JRSM Open. [Online] 8 (6), 2054270417693966.

 

 

Table of findings and mapping theories

 

 

Author

Title, year

 

(give a hyperlink to the study)

Methodology (primary/secondary, qualitative / quantitative)

 

Approach to needs assessment

Finding

(the health needs)

Related health needs to theories

Maslow

Doyal and Gough

Seedhouse

Identify the type of health needs these are: (Bradshaw’s types

 

1-Nnyanzi, L2016

Parental responses to a letter reporting child overweight measured as part of normal routine National programme in England

 Qualitative

 

 

e.g. primary qualitative, epidemiological approach

Isolation

Behaviour

Change,

Counselling,

Healthy

eating.

Maslow:

senses of belonging

Doyal and Gough:

Protection from harm

Seedhouse:

Sense of belonging

 

 

Normative needs,

Felt needs,

 

2-Lidgate, E, LI,B.and Lindermeyer,A.2018

Qualitative insight into informal childcare

qualitative
 

3-O’donnell, J, E, R, F, Tharby, and P,S Gill. (2017)

General Practice Views of Managing Childhood Obesity in Primary Care: A Qualitative Analysis

qualitative

 

 

 

Then analyse these needs by applying the health needs theories of Maslow, Seedhouse, Doyal and Gough.

E.g.  Needs can be linked to aspects of theories (Maslow, Seedhouse or Doyal & Gough), which show a link/relation between the need and theory.  Similarly, other needs can be related to other theories. (Use your own wording). Also identify Bradshaw’s type of need. Critically analyse the theories, what do health theories say about ..behaviour, psychology ,social conditions and the links between them ?

Prioritising the health needs

Identify the most significant unmet need, with a rationale to justify why this is the most important. Apply Bradshaw among other theories.

Think about:  the stages of Maslow’s hierarchy, the social determinants of health, all of Bradshaw’s types, which need appears in all the studies.

You should end this section with a clear prioritised health need. “The priority health need is…”

 

 

Part two: A Strategy to Address the Health Needs

Aim

Give one clear AIM which is broad statement linked to your objectives.

Objectives

Three or four different types of SMART objectives stating the type of objective each is, to address the prioritised health need.  You will find the types of objectives in the presentation in Week 5.   

e.g.                                         Objective 1 (type) , state the SMART objective

                                               Objective 2 (type), etc

                                                Objective 3 (type) …

Health Promotion Activities  

Use Beattie’s model of health promotion approaches to structure your strategy, justifying each of the four activities by reference to the underpinning health promotion theories, models, principles, paradigms,  research,  policy, examples of practice.

Comment on the relative value of each activity and the approach used.  Explain which are most likely to improve health, and why.

Example is shown below

The activity comes under Beattie’s approach of health persuasion :

For example :

Health Persuasion

Activity

Description: This will be based in the (setting), facilitated initially by (personnel),  then …( a few words on how the activity is delivered).

Justification: This is included because ….. (e.g.) x model/theory/ suggests(different  authors and remember to   reference the model/theory)to  that…. ; the activity is guided by  y principle( and you can bring Ottawa charter 1986) which emphases ..  A’s research shows this activity is valuable for …., using the specific techniques used in B’s practice/ C policy. 

 

 

Do the same for the other three approaches: Legislative Action ( no theory ), Community Development, and Personal Counselling

Note: This is the most important part, where you show you understand health promotion theory and can use it to plan a coherent, creative strategy that will improve health.

Theories to consider for Part 2 of your assignment:

  1. Health Belief Model
  2. Stages of change (Prochaska & Diclemente)
  3. Theory of Planned Behaviour
  4. Theories of Reasoned Action
  5. Remember there is no theory for Legislative action for this assignment

Resources and Communication skills used

Briefly outline the types of resources you will use, including the communication skills, with rationale.  Keep any detail and lists for the appendices.

Evaluation

Describe and justify the types and methods of evaluation you plan to use. State also when, where and how the evaluation will take place, who will conduct it. You will find the different types of evaluation in the presentation in Week 10.  your evaluation will be evaluating one activity for example that relates to the objectives so keep in mind the purpose of the health promotion activity at the strategy so the assignment needs to follow the learning centre guidance on academic writing skills writing links and you do need to use the modules

Gantt Chart

You should provide a Gantt chart that clearly explains who will be involved in each activity within given timescales.  You should also provide a key if you are using abbreviations.

How to  do Gannt chart :

 

Gantt chart for Activity 3

Task list Jan feb m Aprile May June July A S D
Develop leaflet HP/admin HP/admin
Plan drop in session hp hp hp
Recurite volunteers CM CM HP/cm
Run cook well

Classes

Trainer t t t t
Evaluate R R

 

Key

HP HEealth  Promotor
CM Center manger
T Trainer
R Reseacher

 

 

There is no need for a conclusion, as your assignment is a report.

Things to consider:

You need to make decisions at each stage, all of which need to be consistent, e.g. the activities need to fit with the aim, the evaluation with the objectives, etc.

Keep in mind the purpose of health promotion

Further reading for reference:

Green, J., Tones, K (2010),

Naidoo and Wills (2009),

Ewles and Simnett (2003),

Marmot, M. (2003) Self-esteem and Health.

BMJ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC194072/

WHO guidance (Ottawa

charter 1986)

further reading for evaluation

Evaluation chapter, Naidoo and Wills (2009)

Hogard , E. (2009) Evaluating Public Health Programmes. Chapter 23 in Wilson, F., Mabhala, M. (2009) Key concepts in Public health

WHO. Evaluation in Health Promotion: principles and perspectives

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