Annotated Bibliography: End of Life Ethics in Nursing

Jeffrey, D. (2009). Against physician assisted suicide a palliative care perspective. Oxford, United Kingdom: Radcliffe.

This book articulates scrutiny on the reason why PAS (Physician Assisted Suicide) should not be allowed in England. The author considers that PAS is unnecessarily a distinguished mode of dying. The author elaborates on the anguish that patients experience during PAS. Jeffrey describes the way PAS infringes healthcare ethics as well as how the process may be misused by healthcare providers if permitted. To support his points, then author gives cases of terminally ill patients of the reasons for choosing PAS. This book remains important on the reasons why PAS should be criminalized (Jeffrey, 2009).

Lachman, V. (2010). Physician-assisted suicide: Compassionate liberation or murder. MEDSURG Nursing, 19(2), 121-125.

The author of this article elaborates on the significance of PAS. Lachman evaluates the way PAS will impact on nurses’ morals. She asserts that most nurses respect patient’s life while some it is patient’s right to end his or her life.  This article remains significant for both side’s argument of PAS (Lachman, 2010).

Battin, M. P. (2007). Legal Physician-Assisted Dying in Oregon and the Netherlands: Evidence Concerning the Impact on Patients in “Vulnerable” Groups. Journal of Medical Ethics 33, 591.

This article talks about the impact of authorizing PAS. The journal relates this to the Oregon state and Holland where this process is legalized. It is clear that there is no risk for aged, uneducated or those with low education, HIV patients, and women. In my opinion, this article demonstrates enough evidence for the negative effects of PAS legalization. This journal remains useful as a critical resource for the PAS authorization (Battin, 2007).

Friend, M. (2011). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Death with Dignity? Journal of Nursing Law 14(3), 110-116.

Friend summarizes what PAS is as well as the insinuations of this process form the viewpoint of nurses. Also, the author provides analysis on the way this thought was even planned. The article portrays how the U.S. might soon be like the Holland in the authorization of this process entirely. This piece of writing will give grounds why people disprove PAS. The article gives more present outlooks and analysis on PAS (Friend, 2011).

Quill, T. E. (2012). Physicians Should “Assist In Suicide” When It Is Appropriate. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: A Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40(1), 57-65.

This article covers partly the grounds for PAS legalization. The author is known to have helped many patients to die with dignity. This article provides current information on doctors who have carried out PAS. Also, it offers proof for and against PAS legalization (Quill, 2012).

Schneider, K. (2011, June). Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dies at 83; a Doctor Who Helped End Lives. The New York Times.

Schneider narrates Jack Kevorkian’s life, a physician who is perceived as an imperative figure in the PAS debate, after he assisted many patients die. This piece of writing tells of the time the physician first turned out to be renowned, more than a few individuals that he assisted in dying and the numerous trials he was assumed that led for his conviction in the year 1999.  This article remains important in the argument of PAS for the reason that it illustrates the way PAS first turned out to be a popular debate (Schneider, 2011).

Quill, T. E. (2012). Physicians should “assist in suicide” when it is appropriate. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 40(1), 57-65.

This article covers the state that Physicians Assist Suicide (PAS) is supposed to be permitted at the time the suitable period is reached. The source offers five important grounds why PAS is supposed to be consented to be employed in specific states. Timothy E. Quill is this article’s writer. However, his career has incorporated being employed as a PHC (primary Health care) doctor and has as well aided numerous patients to die peacefully. I have chosen this article for the reason that it offers as firsthand opinion of a doctor who has aided many patients in the committing suicides. On the other hand, the article offers proof, which assists in supporting the thesis of general authorization of PAS. Also, it provides within proof in contradicting my notion. The source remains tremendously current that offers a number of the up-to-date proof in PAS. This currency has to do with my proposition for the reason that it offers definite indication from a doctor who has done aided suicide to terminally ill patients and maintains the entitlement for PAS. In actual fact, I found this article by searching in the EBSCOHOST database with the use of the keyword physician assisted suicide.

Davey, M. (October 24, 2012). Doctor slams ‘arrogance’ on euthanasia. Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Australia. Retrieved on Sep 27, 2016 from www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/doctor-slams-arrogance-on-euthanasia-20121023-283l8.html

A primary Health Care (PHC) doctor in Sydney outlined Julia Gillard, the Prime Minister and Barry O’Farrell, the New South Wales (NSW) Premier, as arrogant. However, his claim was supported by a board member, David Leaf, in decriminalizing euthanasia. He specified that aided dying programs functioned, devoid of indication of discriminating threat for groups well thought-out as susceptible to euthanasia, comprising of uninsured, the elderly, underprivileged, physically incapacitated and psychologically ill. On the same note, Mr. O’Farrell intensely was against euthanasia besides Ms. Gillard was concerned that it would lead to the mistreatment and conceivably heartlessness on persons in the EOL (end stage of life). The latter also supposed that there were unsuitable protections to guard susceptible persons from employing euthanasia as a way to get them out of their “miserable” states. In a number of the United States, for instance Oregon, Washington State, and countries like Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Luxembourg, and Montana are the single state and nation, which has legalized euthanasia. Furthermore, they entirely have safe laws. Many people have extremely diminutive acknowledge of the matter but then they have a duty-bound to appreciate the subject as a minimum get it from a therapeutic point of view. This article demonstrates that many persons do not understand what euthanasia is as well as what it is capable of doing for the future.

Robinson, B.A. (2005). Euthanasia and Terri Schiavo. Religious Tolerance, Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Retrieved on Sep 27, 2016 from http://www.religioustolerance.org/schiavo6.htm

The author in this article brings up a 41-year-old Terri Schiavo who is incapacitated living in Florida, the U.S. The author points out that Schiavo was the centerpiece on euthanasia matter. The entire emphasis remained on whether to leave her alive or let her to die. Robinson (2005) elucidates what resulted to her disability, the management then, and up to the supposition that kind led entirely types of impediment. Physicians supposed that Schiavo was in a tenacious vegetative state, stating that patients in this condition lack cohesive purpose of the cerebral cortex at the same time as remembering instinctive reflexes of brainstem, which control circulatory, heart rate, sleep, and digestive besides other involuntary functions. In actual fact, their conducts are involuntary, non-decisive, dissolute reflexes no longer controlled by higher brain-centers. The article demonstrates an instance of euthanasia. It continues to show the way it is hard for healthcare practitioners at the time of making decisions, particularly of another person. In case somebody is in this dilemma, the best solution is to let the individuals die, no matter hurtful it will be.

 

 

 

References

Battin, M. P. (2007). Legal Physician-Assisted Dying in Oregon and the Netherlands: Evidence Concerning the Impact on Patients in “Vulnerable” Groups. Journal of Medical Ethics 33, 591.

Davey, M. (October 24, 2012). Doctor slams ‘arrogance’ on euthanasia. Sydney Morning Herald, Sydney, Australia. Retrieved on Sep 27, 2016 from www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/doctor-slams-arrogance-on-euthanasia-20121023-283l8.html

Friend, M. (2011). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Death with Dignity? Journal of Nursing Law 14(3), 110-116.

Jeffrey, D. (2009). Against physician assisted suicide a palliative care perspective. Oxford, United Kingdom: Radcliffe.

Lachman, V. (2010). Physician-assisted suicide: Compassionate liberation or murder. MEDSURG Nursing, 19(2), 121-125. Quill, T. E. (2012). Physicians Should “Assist In Suicide” When It Is Appropriate. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: A Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics 40(1), 57-65.

Quill, T. E. (2012). Physicians should “assist in suicide” when it is appropriate. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 40(1), 57-65.

Robinson, B.A. (2005). Euthanasia and Terri Schiavo. Religious Tolerance, Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Retrieved on Sep 27, 2016 from http://www.religioustolerance.org/schiavo6.htm

Ruth, C. (2012). Encyclopedia of science, technology, and ethics: Euthanasia. Ed. Carl Mitcham. Vol.2. Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference USA.

Schneider, K. (2011, June). Dr. Jack Kevorkian Dies at 83; a Doctor Who Helped End Lives. The New York Times.

 

 

 

 

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